Category Archives for "Reptile"

What You Should Know Before Buying a Leopard Gecko

Leopard geckos are one of the most popular reptiles kept as pets. Their small size makes them ideal for someone in an apartment, their different morphs ensure that each one is unique, and their behaviour and eating habits can be a good source of entertainment. That’s not the only reasons why these little creatures have become so sought after; leopard geckos can be relatively easy to care for. 

There are a number of things to keep in mind when setting up their enclosure; one of the most important being the space required. The general rule to follow is to have at least a 30-gallon leopard gecko tank. If you cannot provide this space, then a leopard gecko might not be right for you.

You will want your leopard gecko to be happy and safe, and you can achieve this by doing your research. There are plenty of factors that can make your leopard gecko live a healthy life, some of which can be read below.


Leopard geckos are terrestrial so they need to be able to absorb heat from the ground and the air. Substrates like newspaper and paper towels are not suitable options for this. 

The main questions you should ask when buying substrate are:

  • Is it natural and non-toxic?
  • Is the risk of ingestion low?
  • Is it easy to clean?
  • Is it suitable for burrowing?

One choice is a substrate like repti-carpet. This substrate can be easily cleaned (you can even throw it in the washing machine) and it is soft enough for the geckos to dig and create burrows. However, if you are looking for a substrate that mimics a leopard gecko’s natural habitat, you should research your options and even ask on reptile forums.

Hiding spots

There are many different things that can be used to make a hide for the gecko. A hide is a place where they can go to feel safe. A hide can be as simple as a plastic container with an entrance hole cut into it. For example, a small plastic deli container with a hole cut into the side is ideal. More natural hiding spots are also available; it might be beneficial if you familiarised yourself with the term “bioactive”, if a more natural enclosure is what you would prefer.

Leopard geckos are nocturnal, so they will be most active at night, but some can be shy by nature. When first introduced to their new environment, they might need a little time to warm up to their owners before they will come out of their hide. By providing hiding spots, this allows them to have their own space. 

Heat and lighting

Leopard geckos need a hot spot for basking. A heat lamp can be placed above the enclosure at one end, which will allow the other end to be cooler. This allows thermal variation, as the hotter end should be between 28 to 30 Celsius and the cooler end 24 to 26 Celsius. You can also use a heat mat placed under the enclosure, if it is glass; these are best used during the night, however. 

Leopard geckos also need to be exposed to UV light, as this helps them to produce vitamin D3. This vitamin is essential for their bone development. 

Diet and water

Leopard geckos are omnivores. Their diet should consist of a good quality reptile food and a number of insects. They are not picky eaters so a number of different types of insects can be fed to them. To help with this, a number of feeder insects can be purchased. 

The best way to provide the right type of food is to use a self-feeding dish. This can be made by using a shallow, wide bowl. A piece of slate can be used to hold the food in place so the gecko has to work for its food. This will help to ensure that they are getting all of the nutrients they need. 

Another important thing that a leopard gecko enclosure needs is a good source of water. The best way to provide this is to use a water dish without a lot of surface area. This will allow the gecko the ability to drink without getting water on the rest of their body. 
By making sure that the enclosure has everything a leopard gecko needs, they can live a healthy and happy life. That’s the best way to make sure that you get the most out of owning a leopard gecko.

Best Insects for Bearded Dragons?

A bearded dragon’s well-being is dependent on whether their nutritional needs are met or not. In the process, one must feed them with a diverse diet. Their diet must include live feeders. Here, you can find all the information regarding the best insects for bearded dragons. 

There are various factors one needs to consider while choosing the best diet for the dragon’s health. All the nutritional elements play an important role in the maintenance of the health and happiness of your reptile. Obviously, vitamins and minerals play an important role but calcium and potassium are crucial too. One must gather all the information regarding the nutrients each insect offers to the dragons. 

Although it is difficult to provide the diet that the bearded dragon would have got in the natural habitat, one must also keep in mind that the dragon is in different circumstances now and it would never be healthy for him to eat wild-caught bugs. This can result in various diseases and infections

Insects for bearded dragons

Here, you can find all the detailed information regarding the best insects for bearded dragons.

Dubia Roaches 

When it comes to bearded dragons, Dubia Roaches should be a staple in every bearded dragons diet. These insects consist of protein of 21.4% and have a low-fat content of about 3%. Therefore, the nutrients remain in a balanced manner. Combine your Dubia Roaches with a good calcium powder, and you have an extremely nutritious treat! In addition to the nutritional values, these insects also have some other benefits as mentioned below:

  • Very little noise, these insects are usually less noisy. 
  • No smell, if the insects are kept in an appropriate manner, they produce no smell. 
  • The breeding procedure of these insects is very simple and easy. 
  • These insects are not able to fly or climb. 
  • The maintenance of these insects is very easy.

Goliath Worms

Goliath Worms is also considered one of the best insects for bearded dragons. These insects are a great source of nutrition. But these insects must not be considered as the sole diet because the moisture content is high. It is advised to add some other staple in the diet. 

 These worms have a moisture content of 85%. They have protein of about 9%. The fat contained in these insects is low, it is around 3.07%. The calcium contained is 464mg/kg. Also, it has phosphorus of about 1394mg/kg. 

 Some other benefits of these insects are:

  • The insects grow quickly. They grow fully within just a few days.
  • These insects are the best to boost hydration.


Wax Worms are insects that you can feed your bearded dragon. These insects have a high-fat content so it is advised to never consider this insect as the only diet. It is good to combine this diet with another low-fat insect such as Dubia Roaches. If the dragon is overweight, this insect must be avoided. 

This insect contains about 14.1% of proteins. It has a fat of 24.9%. The waxworms consist of calcium and phosphorus of 243mg/kg and 1650 mg/kg respectively.

Some additional benefits of these insects are:

  • The wax worms are easily available everywhere.
  • These worms can be easily kept and stored.


Superworms are considered as one of the best feeder insects. These worms have a high fat- content, therefore it is best when fed along with some other feeder insect. The dragon will face no issues if these insects are fed regularly up to a number of ten when fed along with some other less fatty insects. 

Sometimes, super worms are confused with mealworms but one must keep in mind that both are completely different. Superworm has better nutritional values and also can be easily digested by dragons. The outer shell of the super worms is soft and therefore it can be easily digested by the dragons.

These worms consist of proteins of around 20%. The fat contained is 17%. It has moisture of around 57.9%. Calcium contained in this feeder insect is 177mg/kg and it contains a phosphorus of 2370mg/kg.


Mealworms are one of the most popular feeder insects for bearded dragons. They have variable sizes and they can grow up to two inches in length. These worms have a hard outer layer. This layer is known as chitin. Therefore, it is sometimes advised not to feed them to younger dragons as it can be difficult for them to digest these insects. 

Mealworms should be fed with other insects. Adult dragons should not take more than 5 to 6 mealworms in a day and it is better to avoid feeding these worms to the younger ones.

These worms have a moisture of 60%. The protein contained in these worms is 18.7%. Also, it contains fat of 13.4%. The quantity of calcium and phosphorus is 169mg/kg and 2950 mg/kg.

Summing Up

 However, apart from all the above-mentioned insects, there are some other insects like crickets and nitric grubs which can be options for your dragon. Also, butter worms and silkworms are often fed to bearded dragons. In fact, it is important to acquire knowledge regarding the nutritional quantities and values of the feeder insects before offering it to your bearded dragon. 

Tips for keeping your Reptile pet happy

There are many different animal species you can pick as your pet, and a lot of people choose to go with a reptile. Why is that? Reptiles are great pets for many indoor locations, and they also look amazing. Plus, many of them are very friendly and just fun to be around. But once you get a reptile pet, how do you keep it happy? Here are some ideas you need to take into consideration!

Understand your reptile pet’s nutritional needs

Every reptile has different nutritional needs, based on their species, size, health concerns and other factors. But there are some common things you will encounter in the diet of most reptiles. For starters, you will notice most reptile pets like mealworms and mice, although some just consume fruit and veggies. That’s why you need to understand the diet of a reptile, because you never really know what you can expect and how different it might be. Making the right changes can indeed bring in tremendous results, so you have to take that into account. Roach jelly can also be an option, so think about it too. It’s important to study your reptile’s diet beforehand to avoid any issues. 

Invest in a good terrarium

Most reptiles need plenty of space to move around. They aren’t like aquarium fish which will be ok even with a small aquarium. Instead, reptiles do want to have as much space as possible, because they enjoy moving all the time and that’s something you must take into account. Ideally you want to have a dedicated room for the terrarium, try to offer your reptile tons of space, and it will be very happy that you did so.

Provide the right amount of heat and lighting

You need to keep in mind that reptiles are cold-blooded. As a result, they rely on heat and lighting in general in order to keep their body warm. That’s why you need to invest in a good lighting system for them. They get calcium and vitamin through sunlight exposure. So yes, you do need to bring in as much light as possible for your lizard pet. For example, a bearded dragon habitat needs a heat lamp to regulate body temperature. They also need a UVB light to ensure they get enough vitamin D.. Even if it might not seem like a lot at first, it’s important to invest in high quality lighting, your reptile pet will love it.

Infrared heat lamp for reptile and amphibian care. Green iguana relaxing and warming up under the red glow of a heat lamp in the tank.

Never grab your reptile by its tail

One thing to note about reptiles is that they like being petted, however you should never grab them by the tail. This causes undue stress most of the time. It will make the body unsupported and to make things worse, your pet will go into defense mode right away. That’s something you want to avoid if you’re looking to keep the reptile pet happy. The same thing happens if you’re using any head restraints. Your pet doesn’t like that and it will most likely attack you. 

Keep the terrarium humidity in mind

Most reptiles are known for enjoying places where they have a lot of humidity. What you really want to avoid is a terrarium which is very dry. That can be extremely bad for your pet, and in time it can lead to its death. So yes, humidity is one of those things that might not seem pivotal, but it really is extremely important for your pet, a lot more than you might imagine. 

But then again, you don’t want an environment that’s too moist. This will have a lot of fungi and bacteria that can harm your pet. So you need to be mindful of the situation and see how you can approach this properly. Reptiles control their exposure to humidity by moving to a proper microclimate or even burrowing. In the case of reptiles that live in captivity, you need to control everything and that can be a bit more challenging than you imagine.

Replace the UVB bulbs every 12 months

As time goes by, the UVB bulbs just won’t have the performance and results you need from them. So even if they are still working, you do want to replace them and offer your reptile pet the right amount of lighting with a new set of bulbs. It’s a crucial aspect to consider, although a lot of pet owners tend to forget about it. All you need is to take your time and monitor all these things for the best results.

Keep your terrarium way from sunlight

If your pet reptile needs sunlight, why should you keep it away from it? The truth is that the sun can lead to the tank becoming too hot. That can make it hard for your pet reptile to live in there properly, so it’s crucial to avoid this type of situation. It’s recommended to keep it in a place without a lot of direct sunlight. After all, you have a lighting and heating system inside the terrarium anyway, so you don’t need direct sunlight. Rely on things that you have under your control, as it’s a much better option. 

Avoid holding your reptile in the air for a very long time

The reason you want to do that is because reptiles can sometimes slip from your hands. Having them drop from various heights can be damaging to their organs. So yes, it’s crucial to try and not hold your reptile pet up in the air. It might seem fun while you do it, but they don’t like it at all and it can be very dangerous too. So that’s certainly the type of thing that you must take into consideration. 

Make sure that your terrarium is escape-proof

This is important because a lot of reptiles are very sneaky and they are known to escape from their case. The simple idea of locking screen clips can be a good one in a situation like this. You do want to check the terrarium often to ensure that your pet is happy at all times. Once you do that, it will be easier than ever to keep your pet safe. If the pet escapes, it’s really hard to bring it back in the terrarium, and it can be exposed to all kinds of harmful things.

Provide your reptile pet with vitamins

Just like humans, reptiles won’t get all the nutrients and vitamins they need from their diet. Which is why offering them vitamins and calcium in particular can help a lot. You can add it to their diet, in their water and so on. Not only is it going to keep your reptile pet healthy, but you will prevent any possible problems. You won’t have to go to the vet that often either. 

Decorate the tank

It’s important to be creative when it comes to decorating your reptile’s terrarium. You can add all kinds of items like logs, living plants, vines, substrate, rocks and so on. The main focus here is to try and recreate the environment where your reptile usually lives in the wild. The closer you get to that, the happier your pet will be. Yes, it does take a bit of trial and error, but it will be worth the effort.

You should always try to come up with all kinds of designs or items to add inside the terrarium. Your reptile pet loves items that it can interact with, so that alone is a very good idea. Keep it simple, don’t overdo it. The last thing you want is for your pet to choke on stuff. Plus, you want it to move without any problems within the terrarium, so overfilling it can be a problem.

Provide your reptile pet with plenty of water

Just like any other creature, your reptile pet needs plenty of water to survive. You need to make sure that your pet is not dehydrated, as that can be very harmful for its health. So if you want to have a happy reptile, plenty of food and lots of water are pretty much mandatory.

Go to the vet periodically

You should always consider taking your reptile pet to the vet periodically, just to be safe. Yes, this might not be fun for your pet, but the truth is that it will protect him from any possible problems. At the end of the day, proper maintenance and care can indeed make quite the difference. Reptiles are prone to many diseases, especially skin diseases. That’s why you must ensure your pet is safe and away from any possible health problems. 


As you can see, there are lots of different things you can do in order to keep your reptile pet happy. You always need to check and see how your pet reacts to things and what you can do in order to keep it happier than ever. It’s not easy to do that, especially as a first-time reptile owner. That’s why you need to study as much as you can about your pet. Knowing lots of stuff about your reptile pet, its preferences, potential health concerns and food is definitely going to help you immensely. Take your time and remember, all these tips will make your pet’s life happier, so don’t hesitate to implement them as fast as possible!